Iontophoretic delivery of cytotoxic agents for the treatment of solid tumors Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 19, 2019
Creator
  • Byrne, James
    • Affiliation: Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmacoengineering and Molecular Pharmaceutics
Abstract
  • Parenteral and oral routes have been the traditional methods of administering cytotoxic agents to cancer patients. Unfortunately, the maximum potential effect of these cytotoxic agents has been limited due to systemic toxicity and poor tumor perfusion. In an attempt to improve the efficacy of cytotoxic agents while mitigating their side effects, we have developed modalities for the localized iontophoretic delivery of cytotoxic agents. These pressurized, reservoir-based iontophoretic devices were designed to be implanted proximal to the tumor with external control of power and drug flow. Three distinct orthotopic mouse models of cancer and a canine model were evaluated for device efficacy and toxicity. In the mouse models, device delivery of cytotoxic agents resulted in enhanced drug accumulation in the tumor and tumor shrinkage. In dogs, device delivery resulted in large local drug concentrations and low systemic drug exposure. These devices have potential paradigm shifting implications for the treatment of pancreatic, breast, and other solid tumors.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Huang, Leaf
  • DeSimone, Joseph M.
  • Tepper, Joel
  • Juliano, Rudolph
  • Yeh, Jen Jen
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2014
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Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
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  • This item is restricted from public view for 2 years after publication.
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