Regulation of urokinase plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in murine breast cancer cells Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • McEachron, Troy Anthony
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Abstract
  • Proteases are indispensable for tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis. These proteases are produced by tumor cells, stromal cells, and by the host coagulation cascade. Protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) and PAR-2 are G protein-coupled receptors that serve as the cellular receptors for several of these proteases, including activated coagulation factor VII (FVIIa), activated coagulation factor X (FXa), and thrombin. PAR-1 and PAR-2 have been found to be overexpressed in breast cancer and activation of these receptors contributes to the malignant phenotype of the cells. Activation of PAR-1 or PAR-2 by coagulation proteases increases the expression of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). uPA and PAI-1 are overexpressed in breast cancer patients and contribute to tumor angiogenesis, tumor growth, and metastasis. Using the highly metastatic 4T1 murine mammary adenocarcinoma model, I examined the effects of coagulatio
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  • In Copyright
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  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine."
Advisor
  • Mackman, Nigel
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
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  • Open access
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