Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Anthropology
This dissertation illustrates from four concrete moments the relevance of eventalizing the analytic categories with which we usually think the past and present of blackness: 1) the ethnicization of blackness at the end of last century where a anthropological and culturalist discourse prevails; 2) the medicalization and racialization of the society at the beginning of twentieth century when hygienic and biological assumptions prevail; 3) the national construction of a literate elite (letrados) and the first experts by the middle of the nineteenth century from the imaginary of the progress tied to the disciplination of labor and the scrutiny of wealth; and 4) the technologies of salvation for the slaves introduced to Cartagena of Indies deployed in the first half of seventeenth century from the Christian theopolitics. My argument consists in identifying these concrete problematizations to show their singularity and density in which they emerged and transformed through different articulations of blackness. Therefore, there is not adequate to subsume nor to collapse in analytic models, more or less sophisticated, those appeals to race or to ethnicity as principles of historical intelligibility that cross all and each one of these articulations of difference. This dissertation is not about the conventional description of cultures or pasts from the native's point of view; but, it is an eventalization of blackness that refers to rethinking an object (or objects in plural) that has emerged in thought through specific games of truth associated with certain modalities of power.