Parenting & privilege: race, social class and the intergenerational transmission of social inequality Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
  • Pienik, Jeremy
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Sociology
  • Drawing on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics' Childhood Developmental Supplement, I employed structural equation modeling to test four hypotheses derived from Annette Lareau's concerted cultivation theory of the social reproduction of inequality: 1) that an underlying construct, which Lareau labels concerted cultivation, manifests itself across a number of interrelated parenting practices; 2) that concerted cultivation is tied to social class, with middle-class parents providing more concerted cultivation than working-class and poor parents, and with the working and poor classes providing similarly low levels of such parenting; 3) that, adjusting for social-class status and other potential confounding factors, race is not independently predictive of parenting practices; and 4) that middle-class advantages in positive youth development are significantly mediated by concerted cultivation. Results were supportive of Lareau's claims. Concerted cultivation: 1) could be modeled as a latent construct with acceptable measurement properties; 2a) was found to be greater within the middle class than among the working class or the poor, and b) did not differ between the poor and working class; 3) was not related to race independently of social class; and 4) mediated the relationships between familial social class and youth intellectual skills, along with a wide-range of positive psychosocial developmental outcomes. Limitations and suggestions for future research are considered.
Date of publication
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • Nielsen, Francois
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Open access

This work has no parents.