Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Anthropology
Food and landscape are inherently intertwined in human societies, past and present. This study explores the spatial dimension of food procurement at the Range site, IL, via the archaeobotanical and zooarchaeological remains from its Archaic, Late Woodland, and Emergent Mississippian Dohack and Range phase occupations. By tracking the ecological composition of both floral and faunal remains over time, I assessed whether the garden-hunting model proposed by Linares (1976) could play a role in interpretation of the relationship between hunting and agriculture at the Range site. While my results did not suggest that garden hunting was a significant factor in the Range site communities’ hunting strategies, trends in both ecotope affiliation and in individual taxa indicated that agriculture in the American Bottom had wide-ranging effects on regional ecology. Based on the results of this project, I discussed suggestions for future investigation of the spatial dimension of food procurement in the Southeast.