Regional body-wave tomography of the Peruvian flat slab Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Young, Bissett E.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Geological Sciences
Abstract
  • Local travel time data were used to create three dimensional tomography models of Vp and Vs above the flat slab in southern Peru, where the Nazca plate subducts subhorizontally beneath the continental lithosphere. The Peruvian flat slab segment corresponds to a gap in the volcanic arc and far-field thick-skinned deformation in the Eastern Cordillera. Despite ongoing research, there is little consensus on the causes and consequences of flat slab subduction. We present results from regional body-wave tomography which show high S-wave velocities above the slab for a region that coincides with the location of the Nazca ridge, a bathymetric high subducting at ~ 15°S. We propose that fast S-wave arrivals can be explained by mantle anisotropy. We attribute low Vs observed in the mantle north of the ridge to the presence of hydrous phases, resulting from the depth dependent dehydration of amphibole in an area where the slab is deeper.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Wagner, Lara
Degree
  • Master of Science
Graduation year
  • 2014
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