The impact of social policy and social networks on the employment status of persons with disabilities Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Seibert, Julie Hayes
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management
Abstract
  • This dissertation studied the impact of social policy and social networks on the employment status of persons with disabilities by analyzing 1) the impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on the employment of persons with disabilities and 2) analyzing the association of social networks on employment of persons with disabilities. Using National Health Interview Survey data for the years 1988 through 2001 and a difference in difference model, I found that among men and women ages 18 through 64, employment declined after the implementation of the ADA, regardless of how disability was defined. The only population that appeared to have improved employment outcomes after implementation of the ADA was men with mental retardation. Using the National Health Interview Survey Disability Follow-Up data while employing a two stage residual inclusion (2SRI) model to control for endogeneity, I found that the presence of social networks was associated with positive employment outcomes for men and women with disabilities. I also found that the type of social network was associated with employment outcomes. There was a positive association between the presence of networks comprised predominantly of friends or networks comprised predominantly of family members and employment among women with disabilities and a positive association between the presence of social networks comprised of a mixture of family and friends and employment among disabled men. These results imply that the ADA did not achieve its intended goal. Future research is required to see how alternative strategies such as enhancing social networks can be used to increase employment opportunities for persons with disabilities.
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  • In Copyright
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  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the School of Public Health (Health Policy Management)."
Advisor
  • Domino, Marisa
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
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  • Open access
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