Gender Differences and Social Capital Among Temporary and Permanent Migrants in China Public Deposited

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  • March 19, 2019
  • Hopping, Douglas
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Geography
  • Hukou, the Chinese household registration system, remains a significant barrier to Chinese internal migration. This paper uses panel data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey to look at individual, household, and community level predictors of temporary and permanent migration in China. I estimate discrete-time event history models of temporary and permanent migration between 1991 and 2011. Temporary migrants tend to be younger, come from less urban areas, and are more likely to be male or heads of household than permanent migrants. A gender-stratified model of migration shows distinct differences in the predictors of migration for men and women. Women are less responsive to educational attainment, more responsive to family role and household migration experience, and use social capital differently than their male counterparts. Differences in the reasons men and women provide for migrating help explain how the hukou system exercises control over male and female mobility differently.
Date of publication
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • Gray, Clark
  • Chen, Xiaodong
  • Cai, Yong
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016

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