Bargaining Power, Social Capital and Environmental Health Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 22, 2019
Creator
  • Das, Ipsita
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Public Policy
Abstract
  • Environmental health is a huge contributor to the global burden of disease, particularly in low- and middle-income countries in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. However, there is a dearth of empirical evidence on the determinants of behaviors that can potentially reduce the burden on human health, time, and education and livelihood opportunities. This dissertation comprises three empirical chapters examining understudied determinants of environmental health behavior adoption and health outcomes, as the necessary first step, prior to generalizing a one-size-fits-all program based on anticipated benefits. In the first chapter, in a panel of nationally representative Indian households, I estimate the effect of women’s bargaining power on households’ adoption of environmental health behaviors. The results show that objective measures of women’s household-level bargaining have positive effects on environmental health behaviors among rural households. However, subjective measures of women’s autonomy have negative effects on the same suite of outcomes. In the second chapter, using the same data set as the previous chapter, I examine the effects of structural and cognitive social capital on Indian households’ choice of clean cooking and safe sanitation. The analysis demonstrates variation in results across rural and urban samples, based on different social capital dimensions. In the third chapter, using baseline data from an ongoing randomized controlled trial in Rwanda, I analyze the microenvironment factors that affect under-five children’s health. Results show that important housing and cooking area infrastructure reduce the prevalence of household air pollution-related health symptoms in this age group.
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Advisor
  • Handa, Sudhanshu
  • Yeatts, Karin
  • Pattanayak, Subhrendu
  • Jagger, Pamela
  • Pan, William
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Graduation year
  • 2018
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