Maternal influence on adolescents' formation of work-family gender ideology: variations by gender, race, and ethnicity Public Deposited

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  • March 21, 2019
Creator
  • Lewis, Jamie Michelle
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Sociology
Abstract
  • This thesis investigates the influence of maternal work-family ideology and employment history on the ideology of their adolescent sons and daughters, as well as differences in the process of intergenerational transfer by gender and race/ethnicity. These questions are addressed using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) and the Children of the NLSY79. Results indicate that mothers with more egalitarian gender attitudes, especially those who support women's employment, transmit egalitarian work-family ideals to their children. Sons and daughters also develop more egalitarian work-family ideology when their mothers work in more prestigious occupations. Gender and racial differences in the process are found. Sons respond more to their mothers' behavior, whereas girls react more to maternal attitudes. In addition, maternal gender ideology is more influential for White youth than for Hispanic or African American children.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Pearce, Lisa D.
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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  • Open access
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