Bimaxillary Orthognathic Surgery and Sleep Disordered Breathing Outcomes Public Deposited

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  • March 19, 2019
Creator
  • Scherer, Jason
    • Affiliation: School of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics
Abstract
  • Study Objectives: To assess whether patients with class III malocclusions who underwent bimaxillary orthognathic surgery (BOS) are at an increased risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and/or a reduction in sleep-related quality of life compared to class III patients treated with orthodontics alone. Methods: Questionnaires were mailed to class III patients who had BOS and a matched control group of class III patients previously treated with orthodontics alone. Subjects were asked to complete the Berlin Questionnaire to assess OSA risk and the Functional Outcomes of Sleep-10 (FOSQ-10) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) to assess sleep-related quality of life. Results: 78 subjects in the BOS group responded (29.77% response rate) and 24 subjects in the control group responded (13.71% response rate). Compared to the control group, the surgery group was significantly older, had longer follow-up times, and had more Caucasians. There was no significant difference between the surgery and orthodontic-only groups in their responses to the Berlin Questionnaire or the FOSQ-10. According to the Berlin Questionnaire, 8.97% of the surgery group was at high risk for OSA. The median total FOSQ-10 score for the surgery group and the orthodontic-only group was 18.27 and 18.13, respectively. The surgery group had a significantly lower ESS score of 6.30 compared to the orthodontic-only group score of 6.88. These findings compared favorably with scores for healthy individuals. Conclusions: Patients receiving BOS for the correction of class III malocclusions are at no greater risk for OSA and/or reduction in sleep-related quality of life compared to Class III patients treated with orthodontics alone.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Phillips, Ceib
  • Sheats, Rose D.
  • Turvey, Tim
Degree
  • Master of Science
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2015
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Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
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