Groups as justification for blatant race stereotyping Public Deposited

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  • March 21, 2019
  • Cooley, Erin E.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
  • Research has shown that groups are perceived as more aggressive and less trustworthy than individuals and Blacks are perceived as more aggressive than Whites. In two studies, I examined how these biases interact, leading to especially negative perceptions of Black groups. In Study 1, subjects made ratings of the aggressiveness and trustworthiness of Black groups, White groups, Black individuals and White individuals. On measures of both implicit and explicit attitudes, participants displayed a tendency to judge Black groups as more aggressive and less trustworthy than Black individuals; this tendency was greater than a similar tendency to judge White groups as more aggressive and less trustworthy than White individuals. While I expected racial bias on a measure of implicit attitudes, I was surprised to see strong levels of racial bias on a measure of explicit attitudes in a college population that tends to be liberally biased. In Study 2, I simplified my design to look only at explicit ratings of Black and White groups. I also included hypothesized moderators including a validated measure of general expectations about groups. Results indicated that Black groups were rated as more aggressive and less trustworthy than White groups. Further, this racial bias was most likely among those who also had negative expectations about groups in general. Consistent with the justification-suppression theory of prejudice, I conclude that participants use their negative expectations about groups as a justification for expressing prejudice toward Black groups on an explicit measure.
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  • ... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of Psychology.
  • Payne, B. Keith
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  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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