Birth Weight, Birth Length, and Gestational Age as Indicators of Favorable Fetal Growth Conditions in a US Sample Public Deposited

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  • March 19, 2019
  • Camerota, Marie
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
  • The "fetal origins" hypothesis suggests that fetal conditions affect not only birth characteristics such as birth weight and gestational age, but also have lifelong health implications. Despite widespread interest in this hypothesis, few methodological advances have been proposed to improve the measurement of fetal conditions. A Statistics in Medicine paper by Bollen, Noble, and Adair examined favorable fetal growth conditions (FFGC) as a latent variable. Their study of Filipino children from Cebu provided evidence consistent with treating FFGC as a latent variable that mediates the effects of mother's characteristics on birth weight, birth length, and gestational age. Our study assesses whether the FFGC model of Cebu replicates and generalizes to a population of children from North Carolina and Pennsylvania. Using a series of structural equation models, we find that key features of the Cebu analysis replicate and generalize while we also highlight differences between these studies.
Date of publication
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • Propper, Cathi
  • Ornstein, Peter
  • Cox, Martha
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016

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