Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Anthropology
Examinations of human-environmental relations in the contact period southeastern United States have not been commonly undertaken but have the potential to shed light on people’s daily lives and experiences. The relationship between humans and their surroundings, mediated through subsistence practices and daily routines, creates landscapes. In this study I use archaeological wood charcoal from daily, domestic fires as a proxy for these human-landscape interactions. I analyzed wood charcoal from three Native American village sites in the North Carolina Piedmont that span the pre-contact period into the early middle contact period (A.D. 1400-1750). My analysis reveals a high degree of continuity in the wood types used for fuelwood across all three sites. I argue that this demonstrates continuity of daily practice despite any disruptions brought by the experience of contact.