Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Curriculum in Global Studies
This study evaluates the impact of expansions to family policy by the political party Fidesz on fertility in Hungary since 2010 and tests the effects of key socioeconomic and cultural characteristics on fertility in Central and Eastern Europe. To do so, we estimate difference in differences linear regression and Probit models for the recent birth of a child in households in 10 Central and Eastern European countries from 2002-18, and a Poisson model for the number of children given birth to by women in a subsample of these countries for 2006 and 2018. We introduce a partial theory of choice that provides an exhaustive set of mutually exclusive ways a person can choose to have a child to develop novel hypotheses. We find the policies modestly increased fertility initially but later had no significant effect, and that Roman Catholic, more traditional and less pleasure-seeking individuals tended to have more children.