Correlation of Cortisol with Non-Invasive Physiological Measures in Response to Exercise Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 20, 2019
  • Pearson, Chad L.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Exercise and Sport Science
  • The present study attempted to find alternative methods to measure training stress when cortisol blood analysis is not available. The relationships during exercise between cortisol and six non-invasive physiological measures (heart rate, lactate, lactate:RPE ratios, oxygen uptake, oxygen pulse, and ratings of perceived exertion) were assessed. Subjects (n = 18) participated in four experimental sessions (40%, 60%, and 80% VO2max, and control). Blood samples were taken pre- and post-exercise along with non-invasive measures being recorded throughout the exercise session. All correlations between cortisol and the non-invasive measures were significant. However, the small variance accounted for between each non-invasive measure and cortisol lead to low predictability. Individually, non-invasive measures are not viable indicators of training stress. However, exploratory step-wise multiple regression analysis revealed that when combined, blood lactate and lactate:RPE ratio are highly predictive of cortisol, suggesting that in combination they may be a plausible alternative to assess training stress.
Date of publication
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of Exercise and Sport Science (Exercise Physiology)."
  • Hackney, Anthony
Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
  • Open access

This work has no parents.