Examining the association between maternal and infant diet as a basis for early life obesity prevention Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Kay, Melissa
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Nutrition
Abstract
  • Obesity continues to be a problem in the U.S. Of particular concern is the epidemic of early childhood obesity. Currently, 8.1% of infants and toddlers are considered obese, with rates higher among non-Hispanic black (NHB) compared to non-Hispanic white (NHW) children. Child diet and food preferences are shaped during infancy and evidence indicates infants are consuming foods and beverages associated with obesity. A significant predictor of child diet is maternal diet, but little is known about this relationship during infancy. Observational studies have suggested that infant feeding strategies such as breastfeeding and role modeling can influence infant diet, but few interventions focus on these modifiable practices during infancy. This study fills a gap in child obesity research by focusing on the development of diet during the first two years of life and uniquely targeting maternal dietary intake as a modifiable factor. Using two unique datasets, this study 1) examines maternal diet and explores predictors of intake; 2) determines the longitudinal association between maternal and infant diet and factors that moderate this relationship; and 3) examines barriers and facilitators to healthy eating during the first two years postpartum among mothers participating in a family-based obesity prevention trial.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Suchindran, Chirayath
  • Siega-Riz, Anna Maria
  • Bentley, Margaret
  • Thompson, Amanda
  • Adair, Linda
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2017
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