Estimation of probability distribution on multiple anatomical objects and evaluation of statistical shape models Public Deposited

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  • March 21, 2019
  • Jeong, Ja-Yeon
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Computer Science
  • The estimation of shape probability distributions of anatomic structures is a major research area in medical image analysis. The statistical shape descriptions estimated from training samples provide means and the geometric shape variations of such structures. These are key components in many applications. This dissertation presents two approaches to the estimation of a shape probability distribution of a multi-object complex. Both approaches are applied to objects in the male pelvis, and show improvement in the estimated shape distributions of the objects. The first approach is to estimate the shape variation of each object in the complex in terms of two components: the object's variation independent of the effect of its neighboring objects; and the neighbors' effect on the object. The neighbors' effect on the target object is interpreted using the idea on which linear mixed models are based. The second approach is to estimate a conditional shape probability distribution of a target object given its neighboring objects. The estimation of the conditional probability is based on principal component regression. This dissertation also presents a measure to evaluate the estimated shape probability distribution regarding its predictive power, that is, the ability of a statistical shape model to describe unseen members of the population. This aspect of statistical shape models is of key importance to any application that uses shape models. The measure can be applied to PCA-based shape models and can be interpreted as a ratio of the variation of new data explained by the retained principal directions estimated from training data. This measure was applied to shape models of synthetic warped ellipsoids and right hippocampi. According to two surface distance measures and a volume overlap measure it was empirically verified that the predictive measure reflects what happens in the ambient space where the model lies.
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  • Pizer, Stephen M.
  • Open access

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