Domestic Activities and Household Variation at Catawba New Town ca. 1790-1820 Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
  • Shebalin, Theresa McReynolds
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Anthropology
  • The Catawba Nation's endurance to the present day can be attributed in large part to its members' creative adaptations to the dynamic sociopolitical, economic, and demographic circumstances of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Archaeological data from the New Town community indicate that during the post-Revolutionary War Federal Period (ca. 1781-1820), Catawba families employed a variety of different social and economic strategies to survive in a homeland that had become dominated by Anglo-American yeoman farmers. My research explores this evidence for intracommunity variability at New Town and its implications. It integrates archaeological and ethnohistorical evidence to reconstruct the organization and use of domestic space by individual Catawba households. The results reveal that families living in the southern hamlet at New Town embraced western social and economic ideas and practices to a greater extent than their northern neighbors, who may have intentionally emphasized or even exaggerated differences between their lifestyles and those of their Anglo-American neighbors.
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  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Department of Anthropology.:
  • Steponaitis, Vincas
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  • Chapel Hill, NC
  • Open access

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