THE ROLE OF ASTROCYTES IN RESPONSE TO STIMULATION WITH THE MICROBIAL ENDOTOXIN LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Oyarzabal, Esteban
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering
Abstract
  • Though the cause of Parkinson’s disease (PD) remains unknown, many suspect its etiology includes both genetic mutations and exposures to environmental factors (e.g., microbial infections, heavy metals, pesticides, air pollution). This work attempted to understand the immunological roles of astrocytes and microglia, two brain cell types with innate immune properties, when exposed to the Gram-negative bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a mouse model of PD. This study found the immunoreactivity of astrocytes to LPS was attributed to the presence of microglia in ‘enriched’ astrocyte cultures. Reconstituting microglia back into a novel highly-enriched astrocyte culture (with <0.001% microglia) showed less than 0.5-1% microglia can account for the erroneous detection of proinflammatory factors by LPS-treated ‘enriched’ astrocytes. LPS was found to activate astrocytes via TNF-α produced by microglia, stimulating cytotoxic and neurotrophic factors release. Nonetheless, activated astrocytes protected neurons from microglial-derived bystander damage in this neuroinflammation-induced model of PD.
Date of publication
Keyword
DOI
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Hong, Jau-Shyong
  • Nylander-French, Leena A.
  • Aitken, Michael
Degree
  • Master of Science
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016
Language
Parents:

This work has no parents.

Items