Objectified body consciousness and its relation to body dissatisfaction in African American and Caucasian college women Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 22, 2019
Creator
  • Fitzsimmons, Ellen E.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
Abstract
  • In Western society, females often learn to view themselves from an observer's perspective and to treat themselves as objects to be looked at (i.e., objectified body consciousness (OBC)). This study considered how objectification affects African American and Caucasian women by examining a model in which body shame and trait anxiety were tested as mediators of the relation between body surveillance (an element of OBC) and body dissatisfaction. Participants were 276 college women (97 African American, 179 Caucasian). At two time points, separated by about 5 months, participants completed the same questionnaires. Structural equation modeling indicated that the hypothesized half-longitudinal mediation model was not significant for either group, but an alternative model that examined body surveillance as a mediator of the relation between trait anxiety and body dissatisfaction was marginally significant for Caucasians. Results provide some support for the differential effects of OBC on women's body dissatisfaction depending on race/ethnicity.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Bardone-Cone, Anna
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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  • Open access
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