Speak as I say: an examination of legal standards applied to compelled speech in public high schools Public Deposited

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  • March 21, 2019
  • Sullivan, Nora Anne
    • Affiliation: Hussman School of Journalism and Media
  • First Amendment protections against the government compulsion of student speech in public high schools have been addressed by the U.S. Supreme Court on two occasions and by lower courts in seventeen additional cases. This thesis examines those nineteen cases to determine what level of First Amendment protection courts previously have recognized to protect against different types of compelled student speech. From this analysis of the cases, four categories of compelled student speech were identified - compelled recitations, compelled speech for mandatory education efforts, compelled speech as a form of punishment, and compelled speech that is both part of mandatory education efforts and a form of punishment. Utilizing these categories, a framework for courts to use in the future is proposed; this framework ensures that courts recognize the proper level of First Amendment protection against compelled student speech while also safeguarding the schools' ability to carry out their educational mission.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • "... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in the School of Journalism and Mass Communication."
  • Packer, Cathy Lee
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Place of publication
  • Chapel Hill, NC
  • Open access

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