The effects of effort, interest, and rapport on Wisconsin card sorting test performance in schizophrenia Public Deposited

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  • March 22, 2019
  • Roberts, David L.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience
  • Individuals with schizophrenia typically perform poorly on measures of executive function. This poor performance is widely attributed to disease-related neurocognitive deficits despite the fact that the role of motivational and interpersonal factors have not been adequately studied. In the present study, 30 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia completed two trials each of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, a measure of executive function. Between trials, half of the participants received enhanced instructions. It was hypothesized that this experimental group would achieve better WCST scores, and would also report exerting greater effort on the task, being more interested in the task, and experiencing better rapport with the experimenter than participants in the control group. Results showed significantly improved WCST performance in the experimental group relative to the control group. However, findings did not support the hypothesized group differences in effort, interest, and rapport. Implications are discussed.
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  • Penn, David L.
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  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Open access

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