Nano scale devices: fabrication, actuation, and related fluidic dynamics Public Deposited

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  • March 21, 2019
  • Jing, Hao
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Applied Physical Sciences, Materials Science Graduate Program
  • Using external actuating magnetic fields to manipulate magnetic parts is an efficient method to manipulate mesoscopic actable devices. Extensive researches have explored the potentials of self-assembly techniques based on capillary force, static charge force, drying, surface tension, and even dynamic fields as a low cost method for ordered 2D or 3D superlattice structures for new materials and devices. But the ability of tunable patterning nanoparticles for designed actable devices is still a requirement yet to be met. Utilizing anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes as templates, soft-magnetic nanowires around 200 nm in diameter, 10 microns long have been fabricated. In this thesis, I describe a method to assemble these magnetic nanowires into a two dimension Wigner structure, of which the wire-wire distance is conveniently adjustable during the fabrication procedure. Using geometric tailored magnetic fields, we can plant these self-assembled magnetic nanowires with desired patterns into a thin soft polymer support layer. The final devices may be readily actuated by an external actuating magnetic field (a self-designed magnetic system, 3-dimensional force microscope (3DFM)) with precise patterns and frequencies in a micro-fluidic system. This method offers a general method to fabricate mesoscopic devices from a wide range of materials with magnetic dipoles to desired structures. And the actable devices themselves can find direct usage in low Re number flow mixing and bio-physical fluidic dynamic researches. The beating of cilia and flagella, slender cylinders 250 nanometers in diameter with lengths from 7 to 50 microns, is responsible for many important biological functions such as organism feeding, propulsion, for bacterial clearance in the lungs and for the right-left asymmetry in vertebrates. The hydrodynamics produced by these beating structures, including mixing, shear and extensional flows, is not understood. We developed an experimental model system for cilia beating through the use of magnetic nanowires. We apply our custom magnetic system, 3DFM, to drive these magnetic nanowires rotating with desired patterns and frequencies in a liquid chamber. High speed movies of passive tracers in the oscillating 3-D flow fields reveal the spatio-temporal structure of the induced fluid motion. Complementing these experimental studies, we have developed a family of exact solutions of the Stoke's equations for a spheroid sweeping a double cone in free space, and an asymptotic solution for a spinning slender rod sweeping an upright cone above a flat, infinite no-slip plane. We are using these solutions to develop a mathematical package to quantitatively model, and predict the tracer motion induced by the spinning nano-rods with and without Brownian noise. To understand the effect of these epicyclical flows on molecular conformations, we have studied the conformation of fluorescently labeled, single DNA molecules (_-DNA) in the flow produced by a precessing nanowire. The flow patterns in a viscoelastic medium about a precessing nanowire are also presented to reveal the epicyclical flows in a more biorelated environment.
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  • Superfine, Richard
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