Negation in modern Hindi-Urdu: the development of nahII Public Deposited

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Last Modified
  • March 21, 2019
  • Lampp, Claire M.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Linguistics
  • There are three negative particles used for sentential negation in Hindi-Urdu - mat, na, and nahII. The particles mat and na are generally of restricted distribution in the modern language, and their origins are relatively straightforward. The status of the modern general negative particle nahII is more problematic. There are two common explanations for modern Hindi-Urdu nahII: 1) nahII results from the Old Indo-Aryan (OIA) general negative particle na combining with a substantive/existential verb form; 2) nahII results from na combining with the OIA emphatic particle hi. In a recent account Elena Bashir offers support for both explanations. Based on evidence from a modern Hindi corpus and a reexamination of Bashir's work, I conclude that modern Hindi-Urdu nahII likely has its origin only in the existential, thus providing another example in support of William Croft's negation cycle.
Date of publication
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • Melchert, H. Craig
  • Open access

This work has no parents.