Computational Video Enhancement Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Bennett, Eric P.
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Computer Science
Abstract
  • During a video, each scene element is often imaged many times by the sensor. I propose that by combining information from each captured frame throughout the video it is possible to enhance the entire video. This concept is the basis of computational video enhancement. In this dissertation, the viability of computational video processing is explored in addition to presenting applications where this processing method can be leveraged. Spatio-temporal volumes are employed as a framework for efficient computational video processing, and I extend them by introducing sheared volumes. Shearing provides spatial frame warping for alignment between frames, allowing temporally-adjacent samples to be processed using traditional editing and filtering approaches. An efficient filter-graph framework is presented to support this processing along with a prototype video editing and manipulation tool utilizing that framework. To demonstrate the integration of samples from multiple frames, I introduce methods for improving poorly exposed low-light videos to achieve improved results. This integration is guided by a tone-mapping process to determine spatially-varying optimal exposures and an adaptive spatio-temporal filter to integrate the samples. Low-light video enhancement is also addressed in the multispectral domain by combining visible and infrared samples. This is facilitated by the use of a novel multispectral edge-preserving filter to enhance only the visible spectrum video. Finally, the temporal characteristics of videos are altered by a computational video resampling process. By resampling the video-rate footage, novel time-lapse sequences are found that optimize for user-specified characteristics. Each resulting shorter video is a more faithful summary of the original source than a traditional time-lapse video. Simultaneously, new synthetic exposures are generated to alter the output video's aliasing characteristics.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • McMillan, Leonard
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  • Open access
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