Cerro Cumbray: A Chimú Frontier Outpost Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • June 18, 2020
  • Ballance, Matthew
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Curriculum in Archaeology
  • Cerro Cumbray is a Chimú hilltop settlement located near the modern town of Simbal, Peru. During the 2018 field season, the authors used aerial photography via drone to create a site map and conducted a limited pedestrian survey in order to better understand site chronology and context. While Cerro Cumbray lacks indications of intensive fortification; the viewshed afforded by its location site, its strategic position relative to the confluence of two rivers, and its natural fortifications in the form of cliffs imply a largely defensive motivation to the site’s occupation. The mapping and survey data is used to identify habitation zones and activities within the site. At a larger scale, GIS software allows for the analysis of the role of the site within the Chimú defensive network of the Moche Valley.
Date of publication
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
  • Funding: Class of 1998 Fund
  • Billman, Brian
  • Bachelor of Arts
Academic concentration
  • Archaeology
Honors level
  • Honors
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Graduation year
  • 2019
  • English

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