Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Curriculum in Archaeology
This thesis addresses an undeveloped aspect of Catawba lifeways and material culture during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries: the presence of increasingly large quantities of Euroamerican ceramics on archaeological contexts associated with Catawba occupation. Although the Catawba, a coalescent nation driven into existence by the direct and indirect pressures of European contact, have long been players in colonial markets, evidence for Euroamerican ceramics in particular seems to explode from Late Colonial and Federal period contexts. Why, at the same time that Catawba ceramic production reached its peak, did the Catawba consumption of Euroamerican materials also increase so dramatically? What were the mechanisms by which Euroamerican vessels were acquired and integrated into Catawba life? And how did such objects feature in rapidly changing relationships and modes of interaction between the Catawba and their Euro-American neighbors? This thesis will attempt to address these compelling questions through the detailed analysis of the non-Catawba-made ceramic assemblages of three late eighteenth and early nineteenth century sites — Old Town, Ayers Town, and New Town.