Gendered Climate Justice: Identifying Vulnerability in Tanzanian Waterscapes Public Deposited

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  • February 26, 2019
  • Seagle, Emma Elizabeth
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Geography
  • Water access is a critical issue on the global scale. The World Health Organization estimates that 780 billion people lack access to proper water and sanitation facilities worldwide (West, Hirsch, and El-Sadr, 2013). Access to safe drinking water and proper sanitation is a basic universal need and human right. Yet, inadequate water supply and water contamination account for one third of all deaths in developing countries and pose a serious threat to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), a set of targets established by the U.N. for 2015 (Kiongo, 2005). Water access is key to building capacity, creating markets, adapting to changing environments, promoting education, and improving health and overall human development (Bour, 2004). Adequate water supply also contributes to food security and positive social development. According to the U.N, in 2012, sub-Saharan women spent roughly 200 million hours per day collecting water, summing to 40 billion hours in one year (United Nations, 2012). The issue of water security is particularly prominent in Africa where, in 2005, a mere 38% of countries were on track to achieve water related MDGs. Specifically goals to reduce the proportion of people living without access to safe drinking water by 50% have not been met (Kiongo, 2005). Tanzania has achieved minor progress towards these goals; however, is not expected to attain the originally established U.N. criteria by the 2015 deadline (Tanzania, 2011). This study investigates the impact of water infrastructure and women’s empowerment on women’s health and well-being, and identifies vulnerability through combining these relationships with climate change predictions.
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  • In Copyright
  • Funding: None
  • Smith, Sara
  • Bachelor of Arts
Honors level
  • Honors
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • 118

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