A Literature Review on Improve Male Involvement in HIV Testing in Men Who Have Sex With Men in China Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • February 28, 2019
Creator
  • Li, Xiaoqian
    • Affiliation: Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Maternal and Child Health
Abstract
  • HIV prevalence is increasing rapidly among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. Meanwhile, many MSM in China are currently married or will get married, posing a potential HIV threat to both men and women involved in this relationship. This article reviews existing studies in literature on the barriers to HIV testing and current interventions on HIV/AIDS in China. Most recent studies have been concentrated in South and South-West China. Gay-related stigma and discrimination and low perception of risk or threat were identified as major barriers to HIV testing among Chinese MSM. The most commonly used intervention strategy was indi-vidual-oriented HIV-related knowledge education and behavioral skills training. All studies re-ported positive intervention effects including improved HIV-related knowledge, increased con-dom use, reduced needle sharing, and reduced sexually transmitted infections (STI). Literature also suggested a lack of intervention among other at-risk populations such as female sex workers and migrant workers. Last, most studies lack a rigorous evaluation design, adequate follow-up, sufficient outcome measurement, and multi-faceted structural interventions.
Date of publication
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Note
  • Paper type: Review
Advisor
  • Bennett, Trude
Degree
  • Master of Public Health
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Graduation year
  • 2014
Language
Deposit record
  • c50a34b8-ccd8-4112-80dd-800f72141531
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