Prescription drug monitoring programs: a response to the opioid epidemic Public Deposited

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  • February 26, 2019
Creator
  • Tiu, Tricia
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Allied Health Sciences, Physician Assistant Program
Abstract
  • Background: The non-medical use of prescription opioids is a significant problem in the United States, with significant health and economic consequences. The nationwide implementation and expansion of prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) has been utilized to reduce the incidence of doctor shopping, influence prescribing practices, and improve patient treatment decisions. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe the available primary literature on prescription drug monitoring programs. Methods: Peer reviewed research articles, literature reviews, and opinion articles on prescription drug monitoring programs from 2000 to 2017 were identified by searching PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsycInfo, using ‘prescription drug monitoring programs’ OR ‘PDMP’ OR ‘prescription monitoring programs’ AND ‘opioids’ as search terms or MeSH terms. Article bibliographies were also search manually for applicable papers. Results: Nineteen primary research articles were included for analysis. Evidence of impact of prescription drug monitoring programs on opioid-related outcomes is inconclusive. Conclusions: As PDMP implementation continues to expand, there needs to be continued focus on specific PDMP characteristics to determine what is the most effective at reducing opioidrelated outcomes.
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  • In Copyright
Reviewer
  • Chelminski, Paul
  • Naumann, Rebecca
Degree
  • Master of Science
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Graduation year
  • 2018
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  • fd750114-5fb4-4502-b9bb-d2810d4bb02d
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