Case Study of Floodplain Acquisition/Relocation Project in Kinston, NC after Hurricane Fran (1996) and Hurricane Floyd (1999) Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • February 28, 2019
Creator
  • McCann, Monica
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of City and Regional Planning
Abstract
  • Kinston, North Carolina is a good example of how acquisition and relocation, when properly planned and combined with other smart growth strategies, can results in a better community overall. The city was struck by two devastating hurricanes in a relatively short period (Hurricane Fran in September 1996 and Hurricane Floyd in September 1999) and suffered major flooding, economic disruption, and environmental problems. In response, the city implemented a successful buyout and relocation initiative despite seemingly limited resources (the city struggles with a largely stagnant economy and a significant percentage of vulnerable populations). In addition, Kinston used the acquisition project as the implementation tool for a host of other smart growth projects including downtown revitalization efforts, promotion of affordable housing and the creation of an ambitious green infrastructure plan. The purpose of this case study was to examine the process that Kinston undertook on its road to recovery in an attempt to determine why the city was so successful. The study suggests that one of the keys to success is a quick response time. The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMPG), which funds acquisitions, has a long processing time. This, coupled with the large administrative tasks the community has to accomplish before a buyout can take place (title searches, legal property surveys, appraisals, etc.), allows a significant amount of time to pass during which the resolves of residents to participate wanes. Kinston was "fortunate" to experience its second hurricane only three years after the first. It not only motivated residents to participate in the program, but a large portion of the program was simply rolled over to begin including Hurricane Floyd victims, eliminating the long time lapse between disaster and deed transaction.
Date of publication
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DOI
Resource type
Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Berke, Philip
Degree
  • Master of City and Regional Planning
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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Location
  • Kinston, North Carolina, United States
Extent
  • 57 p.
Access
  • Open access
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