Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Economics
Germany underwent major historical change since the end of World War II, joining the European Union and undergoing reunification. The major historical and political shifts defined Germany's international leadership and cooperation. Modern political theorizations argue various perspectives on Germany's developing leadership in the European Union since reunification. Arguments define Germany as a hegemon dominating the European leadership, as a co-leader cooperating with other major European countries, or as a mediator finding common agreements between the members of the European Union. The Eurozone crisis, the refugee crisis, and the annexation of Crimea exemplify three modern instances of crisis in Europe that define Germany's contemporary leadership. Through the investigation of these modern challenges, this essay concludes that Germany's leadership role combines the three common political theorizations, each reflecting critical elements.