Interventions for Speech Perception in Noise in Children with Single-Sided Deafness: A Systematic Review Public Deposited

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  • February 22, 2019
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  • Webster, Sarah
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Allied Health Sciences, Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences
  • Burke, Alison
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Allied Health Sciences, Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences
  • Shearer, Julia
    • Affiliation: School of Medicine, Department of Allied Health Sciences, Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences
Abstract
  • Unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (UHL) in children can have a significant effect on language development, educational outcomes, and performance on localization tasks and speech perception in noise. Although the effects of bilateral hearing loss in children have been well-documented, less research has focused on the effects of unilateral hearing loss and single-sided deafness in this population. Children with UHL are unable to take advantage of binaural benefits, and therefore have shown decreased performance on tests of speech perception in noise and localization tasks (Reeder, Cadieux, & Firszt, 2015). These challenges are evident in their educational performance and speech and language outcomes (Bess & Tharpe, 1986; Lieu et al., 2010). Although several intervention options exist for UHL, in our experience the most common recommendation for children with UHL is preferential seating in the classroom combined with a "watch and wait" approach. For those with severe to profound UHL, also known as single-sided deafness, intervention in the form of air conduction hearing aids has often been unsuccessful. Current treatment options for SSD in adults include contralateral routing of signal (CROS) hearing aids and bone conduction hearing aids. Cochlear implantation is also becoming a more popular treatment for adults and investigations are beginning with children.
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  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Department of Allied Health Sciences. Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences. Student Research Day (8th: 2016: Chapel Hill, NC)
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