ingest cdrApp 2017-07-06T12:35:59.060Z ccd64451-f0fc-4a42-94ad-226f4041fa4f modifyDatastreamByValue RELS-EXT fedoraAdmin 2017-07-06T13:15:51.759Z Setting exclusive relation modifyDatastreamByValue RELS-EXT fedoraAdmin 2017-07-06T13:16:00.528Z Setting exclusive relation addDatastream MD_TECHNICAL fedoraAdmin 2017-07-06T13:16:01.246Z Adding technical metadata derived by FITS modifyDatastreamByValue RELS-EXT fedoraAdmin 2017-07-06T13:16:17.981Z Setting exclusive relation addDatastream MD_FULL_TEXT fedoraAdmin 2017-07-06T13:16:26.970Z Adding full text metadata extracted by Apache Tika modifyDatastreamByValue RELS-EXT fedoraAdmin 2017-07-06T13:16:42.984Z Setting exclusive relation modifyDatastreamByValue RELS-EXT cdrApp 2017-07-06T13:18:12.405Z Setting exclusive relation modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-01-25T11:52:20.753Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-01-27T11:58:21.616Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-03-14T09:00:23.875Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-05-17T20:32:00.019Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-07-11T07:29:54.622Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-07-18T03:39:53.823Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-08-16T16:49:08.009Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-09-27T03:25:32.586Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2018-10-12T03:48:41.519Z modifyDatastreamByValue MD_DESCRIPTIVE cdrApp 2019-03-21T13:26:49.124Z Stephanie Gaskill Author Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. Spring 2017 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Religious Studies Laurie Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. Spring 2017 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Religious Studies Laurie Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. Spring 2017 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Religious Studies Laurie Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. 2017-05 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Religious Studies Laurie Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Religious Studies Laurie Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text 2017-05 Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Religious Studies Laurie Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text 2017-05 Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Religious Studies Laurie Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text 2017-05 Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation Religious Studies Laurie F. Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text 2017-05 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Degree granting institution Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation Religious Studies Laurie F. Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text 2017-05 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Degree granting institution Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Religious Studies Laurie F. Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text 2017-05 Stephanie Gaskill Creator Department of Religious Studies College of Arts and Sciences MORAL REHABILITATION: RELIGION, RACE, AND REFORM IN AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL This dissertation explores differing understandings of rehabilitation emerging from Louisiana’s Angola Prison, notorious for its history of racial oppression and, more recently, religious revival. Scholars such as Angela Davis and Khalil Gibran Muhammad have asserted that the increasing proportion of African Americans in U.S. prisons diminished public support for rehabilitation and fueled more punitive criminal justice policies. However, beginning in the mid-1990s, the height of the “tough on crime” era, Warden Burl Cain’s “moral rehabilitation” signaled increasing interest in reform among Angola’s majority-black population. Cain gained widespread acclaim for encouraging religious activity and personal morality to curb violence and hopelessness inside the prison. Critics have charged that Cain’s efforts violate the separation between church and state and the religious freedom of incarcerated people. Nevertheless, he expressed faith in the rehabilitative ideal even as racialized calls for “law and order” continued to resound. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, this study uses moral rehabilitation as a means to examine how race shapes reform. Cain contends that faith-based rehabilitation should motivate the public to reconsider its negative perceptions of people in prison and the laws that keep them there. Yet religious tropes have been just as likely to provoke scorn as elicit sympathy for African Americans. Similarly, rehabilitation offers the possibility of social acceptance, but often emphasizes individual responsibility rather than systemic racism in the criminal justice system. Still, incarcerated African Americans have reinterpreted rehabilitation in ways that challenge traditional understandings of how this concept should function in prison environments. This dissertation examines how race reconfigures reform in four unique “sites.” Popular documentaries about Angola redefine rehabilitation as a means for the prison’s majority-black population to find purpose inside prison rather than prepare for life on the outside. Media produced by incarcerated people themselves, however, reinterpret rehabilitation as a mode of structural critique as well as individual redemption. This more expansive understanding of rehabilitation is subject to considerable limitation in Louisiana’s legislative arena, where racialized understandings of victimization re-frame rehabilitation as a cost-saving measure. In short, race—as well as religious worldviews--shape approaches to rehabilitation in fundamental ways. 2017 Religion eng Doctor of Philosophy Dissertation University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School Degree granting institution Laurie F. Maffly-Kipp Thesis advisor Yaakov Ariel Thesis advisor Lauren Leve Thesis advisor Ashley Lucas Thesis advisor Grant Wacker Thesis advisor Jerma Jackson Thesis advisor text 2017-05 Gaskill_unc_0153D_16822.pdf uuid:daeb92ca-6f2e-4f00-a1b9-e128aeac10da 2017-04-06T22:38:36Z proquest 2019-07-06T00:00:00 application/pdf 1210466 yes