Wall painting is an important aspect of Middle to Late Bronze Age art in the Aegean. The Mycenaean frescoes on the mainland are typically portrayed as a decadent form of art, declined in quality from their Minoan predecessors. Furthermore, Mycenaeans are often thought to have misunderstood Minoan motifs. In this thesis, following description and analysis of the Minoan frescoes from Knossos and Akrotiri, and the Mycenaean frescoes from Pylos and Mycenae, I argue that Mycenaean elites consciously made Minoan art their own. The technology and iconography of wall painting was adapted for use within their own culture and social structure. Wall paintings are also situated within broader discourses on the function of palaces and the transfer of culture.