Collections > Master's Papers > Gillings School of Public Health > A Cardiovascular and Nutritional Educational Program Plan and Evaluation to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease among Kenyan Women

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been on the rise in low-to middle-income countries (LMICs) around the world, along with an increase in the global burden of disease from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Primary health care programs for early detection and treatment of people with risk factors for cardiovascular disease are not generally available in LMICs, which creates less access to effective and equitable health care services. Proactive changes are necessary to increase access to screenings for cardiovascular risk in LMICs and decrease future incidence of cardiovascular risk. This program’s goal is to decrease the risk of CVD in women aged 18 or older in Nairobi County, Kenya through a cardiovascular and nutritional education program. With utilization of the Health Belief Model and the Stages of Change Model, participants will receive education on CVD risk factors and their relationship to nutrition, along with resources to promote positive nutritional changes. Education will be provided through free bi-monthly courses that will offer participants fruit and vegetable packages. This paper will discuss the aims of the program, including decreased mean blood pressure (BP), increased knowledge of nutrition and CVD and its risk factors, increased intake of fruits and vegetables and a decreased body mass index (BMI) in the targeted population. The evaluation methods for the program will then be discussed, including a mixed method study design to ensure that the program is conducted properly with measurable and attainable outcomes.