Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education changed the way the united states thought about segregation. It charged the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools system (CMS) with using busing to redistribute students across the district in order to eliminate all vestiges of the segregated, dual-race school system. The apparent success of CMS’ busing plan helped situate Charlotte as a progressive city of the New South. The end of court-ordered desegregation led to a stark reversion to racially distinct and unequal schools that look very similar to those before Swann. Recent research into the segregation of the housing market in Mecklenburg County complements the scholarship of Derrick Bell and Stephen Smith, explaining how Whites have continued to leverage public policy and private development to maintain what George Lipsitz calls the White Spatial Imaginary.