Collections > Electronic Theses and Dissertations > Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women Prisoners: The Stay Fit and Healthy Intervention

This paper introduces a health promotion intervention originally designed as a control attention arm for the HOPE Project, an HIV prevention intervention clinical trial. This study will evaluate the efficacy of the Stay Fit and Healthy Intervention on decreasing cardiovascular risk. Methods: The Stay Fit and Healthy intervention was a nine session program which incorporated educational and behavioral strategies to increase healthy behaviors and decrease cardiovascular disease risk. Session topics included nutrition, increased physical activity, and blood pressure reduction through smoking cessation and relaxation techniques. Aims: The purpose of this secondary data analysis is to compare the changes in cardiovascular-related healthy behaviors of the women who received Stay Fit intervention with the women who received the primary intervention designed to reduce HIV risk behaviors. Results: Healthy behaviors in this sample were significantly related to higher social support scores at baseline. Unadjusted analysis revealed improvement in treatment group on limiting fast food at three months post release. Adjusted analysis showed trends toward healthy behaviors at three months. Smoking behaviors improved in both groups following release. The results from this study emphasize the need for future interventions specifically designed to decrease cardiovascular disease within the population of incarcerated women.