Collections > Electronic Theses and Dissertations > A Combinatorial Platform for The Optimization of Peptidomimetic Methyl-Lysine Reader Antagonists
Available after 15 August, 2019

Post-translational modification of histone N-terminal tails mediates chromatin compaction and, consequently, DNA replication, transcription, and repair. While numerous post-translational modifications decorate histone tails, lysine methylation is an abundant mark important for both gene activation and repression. Methyl-lysine (Kme) readers function through binding mono-, di-, or trimethyl-lysine. Chemical intervention of Kme readers faces numerous challenges due to the broad surface-groove interactions between readers and their cognate histone peptides; yet, the increasing interest in understanding chromatin-modifying complexes suggests tractable lead compounds for Kme readers are critical for elucidating the mechanisms of chromatin dysregulation in disease states and validating the druggability of these domains and complexes. The successful discovery of a peptide-derived chemical probe, UNC3866, for the Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) chromodomain Kme readers has proven the potential for selective peptidomimetic inhibition of reader function. Unfortunately, the systematic modification of peptides-to-peptidomimetics is a costly and inefficient strategy for target-class hit discovery against Kme readers. Through the exploration of biased chemical space via combinatorial on-bead libraries, we have developed two concurrent methodologies for Kme reader chemical probe discovery. We employ biased peptide combinatorial libraries as a hit discovery strategy with subsequent optimization via iterative targeted libraries. Peptide-to-peptidomimetic optimization through targeted library design was applied based on structure-guided library design around the interaction of the endogenous peptide ligand with three target Kme readers. Efforts targeting the WD40 reader EED led to the discovery of the 3-mer peptidomimetic ligand UNC5115 while combinatorial repurposing of UNC3866 for off-target chromodomains resulted in the discovery of UNC4991, a CDYL/2-selective ligand, and UNC4848, a MPP8 and CDYL/2 ligand. Ultimately, our efforts demonstrate the generalizability of a peptidomimetic combinatorial platform for the optimization of Kme reader ligands in a target class manner.