Collections > Electronic Theses and Dissertations > An O-hydroxylamine-coupled alkaline gel electrophoresis assay demonstrates an accumulation of real single strand breaks and intact AP sites in base excision repair deficient cells
pdf

Single strand breaks (SSBs) are among the most frequent DNA lesions caused by endogenous and exogenous agents. The most utilized alkaline-based assays for SSB detection frequently give false positive results due to artifactual SSBs arising from cleaved alkali-labile sites. Here we developed a specific SSB assay using alkaline gel electrophoresis (AGE) coupled with an O-hydroxylamine, O-(Tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)hydroxylamine (OTX). OTX stabilizes AP sites to prevent their incision during alkaline DNA denaturation. DNA from DT40 and isogenic polymerase [beta] null cells exposed to methyl methanesulfonate were applied to the OTX-coupled AGE assay. The detection of true SSB formation was observed in each cell line with significantly greater formation observed in the null cells. Furthermore, a modification of the assay demonstrated the accumulation of intact AP sites in genomic DNA from both cell lines. OTX use represents a facile approach for assessing SSBs, whose benefits may also be applied to other established SSB assays.