In its efforts to consolidate the southern frontier, the Chilean government has repeatedly introduced technologies of governance that target both territory and population in the remote Aysén region. Through processes of territorialization, securitization, and bureaucratization, these technologies proscribe and prescribe practices within certain territories. More recently, transnational environmental activists and organizations have successfully challenged development initiatives in the region. In this context, local actors find themselves doubly alienated—from a state that privileges economic growth over social investment and from activists who privilege environmental preservation over local needs. Locals have responded by circumventing state technologies through novel economic formations and by returning to traditional practices discouraged by the modernizing state. This is evident in local responses to a regional firewood subsidy introduced in 2012. From establishing firewood “cooperatives” to living in mutigenerational households, actors demonstrate that local networks and local knowledge can be deployed to challenge state technologies of governance.