SOHP Series O. Foundation History: North Carolina Fund
- Creator: Southern Oral History Program
- Collection: Southern Oral History Program Interviews
Coordinated by James Leloudis of the UNC Chapel Hill History Department and Robert Korstad of the Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy at Duke University, these interviews with former student volunteers, foundation officers, federal and state policy makers, and community residents were conducted as part of a project on race, poverty, and the North Carolina Fund (NCF). Also included are tapes and transcripts of sessions from a 1996 conference in Durham, NC, "No Easy Walk: Lessons and Legacies from the North Carolina Fund" and interviews conducted by UNC Chapel Hill students in 2011 under the direction of Dr. Jacquelyn Hall. Interviews highlight the NCF's position as an intermediary between local organizations and communities, and between federal government and private philanthropy. Respondents discuss their personal and professional backgrounds, their connections to and experiences with the NCF and its impact, details about their respective communities, and issues of poverty, inequality, and public policy. The NCF, established in 1963 and funded by the Ford Foundation, the Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation, the Mary Reynolds Babcock Foundation, and federal agencies, was a forerunner of Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty. It established and supported community action agencies, in addition to operating manpower development programs, conducting research on poverty, training community organizers, and sending teams of student volunteers into rural communities to help residents fight poverty and racism.