Collections > Master's Papers > Gillings School of Public Health > A Literature Review on the Conceptualization of Women’s Empowerment

This literature review starts out by discussing the relevancy of women’s empowerment as an approach to address gender inequality in societies. It then goes on to illustrate three strong models of women’s empowerment in contemporary development literature, breaking down the process by fundamental concepts and phases. The frameworks serve to educate development actors on how to better measure the process and identify programs and policies that promote the empowerment approach. After looking at the frameworks, the review addresses key measurement considerations, such as dimensions of women’s empowerment and levels of data aggregation, as well as cross-cultural concerns in utilizing a universal empowerment approach.