Library residency programs can be valuable recruitment, development, and retention strategies. This study describes supplemental design elements in the development, implementation, and management of post-MLS residency programs in ARL libraries. It compares workforce issues and student demographics in academic librarianship and in the nursing profession. To determine the current recruitment and development strategies of active library residency programs, a survey was sent to personnel officers of ARL libraries. The results of the survey are compared to the practices of five successful nursing residency programs. The survey findings offer valuable information for libraries who currently host a residency program or who are considering hosting one in the future. The study concludes with suggestions and recommendations for library residency program administrators, LIS faculty and practitioners, and professional library associations.