In 2008, Italy and Libya signed the Treaty on Friendship which promised $30 billion to Libya and represented the first formal and explicit apology from any European state for colonialism. Although this aid was justified on colonial damages, Italy did not provide its other former colonies with similar measures. The primary reason Libya received preferential treatment in terms of financial aid and colonial apologies is due to its status as a transit country for migrants who were attempting to enter Europe through Italy. Under the Gaddafi regime, Libya provided the best opportunity to have an immediate and drastic effect on migration. Since Libya has been in civil war, Italy has shifted its foreign policy to the countries of origin. However, Italy still does not provide nearly as much aid or any apologies for colonialism because they don't provide as great of an opportunity to immediately and drastically effect migration patterns.