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This paper explores the presentations of identity as they relate to the post-referendum Québec society of the 1980s. Specifically, it uses Jacques Godbout’s novel Une histoire américaine and Denys Arcand’s film, Le déclin de l’empire américain, to underscore the relationship of Québec to North America, and the cultural and geographical influences of the province and the United States in particular. Using américanité as a filter, the two works provide images of québécois society that reflect the province-wide sentiment following the failed nationalist agenda. This paper efforts to relate the competing notions of américanité and québécité through the social constructions of marriage, family, love and relationships as well as the crisis of identity of individual characters, all of which inform the overall presentations of what it meant to be a citizen of Québec in the post-referendum society.