Two studies investigated the differential perceived affordance of personality traits in two types of abstract situations taken from interdependence theory. A first study addressed perceived affordance of the traits of Honesty/Humility/Virtue and Agreeableness in several relationship scenarios based on matrices from interdependence theory. The two abstract types of interdependence situations used to construct these scenarios were the Prisoner's Dilemma Game (PDG) and the Battle of the Sexes (BOS). Study 1 revealed that Honesty/Humility/Virtue was more relevant to PDG-type scenarios than BOS-type scenarios and Agreeableness was more relevant to BOS-type scenarios than PDG-type scenarios. A second study replicated these results using the actual interdependence matrices themselves. These findings may demonstrate the potential usefulness of interdependence theory in integrating trait and situational approaches to studying personality.