Integration of Sociology with Genomic Data in Studies of Social Stratification and Delinquency Public Deposited

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  • March 20, 2019
Creator
  • Liu, Hexuan
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Sociology
Abstract
  • This dissertation demonstrates how social theories and genomics can be integrated to improve our understanding of sociological issues. I conduct the following studies combining genomic data and conventional sociological measures. First, I investigate the interaction of social environment and genetic factors on delinquency and violence. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult (Add Health), I find that adverse social environments are associated with greater genetic risk of delinquency and violence, while favorable social environments are associated with smaller genetic risk of delinquency and violence. Second, I assess genetic and environmental contributions to socioeconomic stability and mobility over the life course. I examine genetic and environmental influences on socioeconomic achievement at different life stages, taking advantage of the genome-wide data in HRS. I provide evidence that both genetic and environment factors make significant contributions to stability and mobility of socioeconomic achievement over the life span. Third, I investigate genetic and environmental influences on educational attainment across generations. In this study, I conceptualize a model of multigenerational influences and test the model using educational measures from three generations in conjunction with genome-wide data in HRS. I find significant genetic correlations in educational attainment across three generations. This suggests genetic factors play an important role in stabilizing intergenerational educational attainment in the U.S. Also, I provide evidence that about half of parent’s genetic influence on children’s education can be ascribed to genetic transmission and the other half is medicated by parents’ own education.
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Rights statement
  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Shanahan, Michael
  • Guo, Guang
  • Nielsen, Francois
  • Yang, Claire
  • Harris, Kathleen Mullan
Degree
  • Doctor of Philosophy
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2016
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