New Military Humanitarians: Competition and Cooperation between NATO and Humanitarian Agencies in 1999 Kosovar Refugee Assistance in Albania Public Deposited

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Last Modified
  • March 19, 2019
Creator
  • Walters, Mary
    • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of History
Abstract
  • Within the larger context of Serbian ethnic cleansing of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo in 1999, a complex relationship developed between NATO and civilian humanitarian organizations as they responded to the unexpected magnitude of the Kosovar refugee crisis. For the first time in NATO's 50-year history, the military organization took action in alleviating a humanitarian disaster. Civilian humanitarian organizations, rather than being in the lead, took a backseat to NATO military planning. NATO's soldiers, meanwhile, were on the frontlines not of battle, but of providing humanitarian assistance to Kosovar refugees. NATO and civilian humanitarian organizations, including the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, both competed and cooperated in their ad hoc efforts to establish refugee camps in Albania as the international media scrutinized the situation. Competition for funding and resources between NATO and civilian humanitarian organizations shaped and limited efforts at cooperation across a wide range of Kosovar refugee assistance efforts.
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  • In Copyright
Advisor
  • Hagemann, Karen
  • Jenkins, Robert
  • Lee, Wayne
Degree
  • Master of Arts
Degree granting institution
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate School
Graduation year
  • 2014
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  • Chapel Hill, NC
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